How To Cultivate Organic Caisim
Makintau - Caisim or mustard (Brassica sinensis L.) is a leaf vegetable that grows in both hot and cool areas. This plant can grow well at a height of up to a height of 1200 meters above sea level. The best yield for the cultivation of caisim is in the highlands. But most farmers do caisim cultivation at an altitude of 100-500 meters above sea level.
This vegetable is rich in pro vitamin A and acrobatic acid (vitamin C). This leaf vegetable is often used as a mixture in various types of dishes or snacks such as for a mixture of meatball noodles, fried rice or capcay.
Some literature mentions caisim useful caisim to relieve itching in the throat in people with cough. Healer of head disease, cleanse the blood, improve kidney function, and improve and facilitate digestion.
Unlike other leaf vegetables, caisim cultivation is relatively resistant to rainwater, so it can be grown all year round. With the condition that the drainage of the garden is well organized and the plant area is not inundated with water. Cultivation of caisim is more effective through the stage of seeding first.
Seed Preparation and Seeding
Caisim seeds are propagated by allowing the plant to flower and fertilize the seeds. To get to flowering, the plant should be left for more than 70 days. Only after that, caisim seeds can be harvested. After the seeds are harvested, immediately dry them by drying them. When the sun is shining, the drying process is enough 1-2 days. With good storage, caisim seeds can last up to 3 years.
A good and inexpensive way to store seeds is to store them in a glass bottle. Previously sterilize glass bottles from fungi and other bacteria by boiling. Cool the bottle until it is completely dry. Kmeudian put the caisim seeds in the bottle to the neck of the bottle.
After that cover the bottle with fine ash. This ash serves to absorb moisture so that moisture can be maintained at a low level. In addition, the ash cap also still allows caisim seeds to breathe, or allows air exchange.
Before planting en masse, caisim seeds should be planted first. How to sow it is to soak the seeds in water for + 2 hours. After that lift, then spread evenly over the seedling media. We recommend that seedling media have a shield so as not to be directly exposed to sunlight and rain.
Seedling media consists of fine compost mixed with soil. Then cover the seeding with dry straw until the shoots begin to appear usually for 2-3 days. Then, remove dry hay and let the caisim seedlings grow for up to 2-3 weeks until they are ready to move. During seeding control is always the humidity of the planting medium, and carry out regular watering.
Tillage and Planting
First plow or hoe the soil until it is loose. Then make a bed with a width of one meter and a height of 20-25 cm, the length of the bed is adjusted to the contours of the land. Mix the basic fertilizer over the bed, stirring until evenly distributed.
Giving fertilizer as much as 20 tons per hectare, the fertilizer used can be chicken manure or compost that has been cooked. Leave the land for 2-3 days.
Take the caisim seedlings that have been pre-arranged. Preferably seedlings already have 3-4 strands of leaves. Plant caisim seedlings on a bed with a planting distance of 10 x 15 cm. Then flush with water to retain moisture.
Caisim Cultivation Treatment
The thing to note in the caisim cultivation is watering, especially in the dry season. In the dry season watering is carried out every morning and evening. But if the sun is not too hot shine enough to do it in the afternoon or morning only.
Next is looting and conditioning. Looting is carried out when the plant grows too closely. So that the leaves block other plants that can result in less than maximum growth. While fertilization is done if there are plants that die or wither. The extension uses new plants from the previous seeding results.
Furthermore, the weeding stage, usually carried out 2-4 times during the caisim planting period, is adjusted to the conditions of the presence of weeds on the planting bed. Weed weeding is necessary at the age of the plant one week from the time it is transferred.
Caisim is a popular leaf vegetable especially when grown in lowlands. Pests that often attack are a type of tick and walang sangit that can cause caisim leaves to be broad. In addition to these two pests, some other pests and diseases include caterpillars and caterpillars, leaf patches, wet rot, powdery mildew disease, sowing disease, blight, root rot, and mosaic virus.
Some control handling that can be done if it has reached the threshold of the economic threshold is to make a vegetable solution made of kipaite and gadung mixed with colek soap or egg white as the adhesive. This vegetable solution is diluted and sprayed on the plant in moderation. Usually this solution is only temporary combing.
Another confectionery is by doing regular watering so that the eggs of fleas or sangit walang attached can be washed away by water. The most important pest and disease control is to keep the plants healthy and not lack food. Because if the body of the plant is healthy then pests or diseases will not be able to invade or infect.
Making the cultivation of healthy plants is the key is to provide a lot of organic matter in the soil. In addition to providing a variety of elemental intake, organic matter also provides food for the natural enemies of pests that attack plants.
Harvest And Post-Harvest
Cultivation of caisim can be harvested after 20 days the seedlings are transferred from the seeding place or 40 days from the beginning. In one harvest the cultivation of organic caisim can produce 20 tons per hectare. Caisim is harvested by means of uprooting. Then wash and clean the root part from the soil or mud.
After harvesting, usually caisim is disortasiated by plucking damaged parts of the leaves. Then caisim tied the root, and combined with others and then tied with bamboo rope.