Skip to content Skip to sidebar Skip to footer

General Guide To The Cultivation Of Guava Water

General Guide To The Cultivation Of Guava Water

Makintau - Guava water is a plant that comes from Southeast Asia. This plant belongs to the tribe myrtaceae (guava). Cultivation of guava water is quite easy when done in tropical regions such as Indonesia.

The market potential is quite large, people consume guava as tabled fruit or processed foods such as rujak and candied. Fresh fruits rich in water content include seasonal fruit, abundant availability in certain seasons.

Know the types of guava water

Guava water has various types with shapes. Some types of guava water that are widely found in the market include:

  • Clove water guava
  • Guava ar honey
  • Guava air king citra
  • Guava kampret water
  • Guava water king rose
  • Candle water guava
  • Maduran water guava
  • Guava water irung petruk
  • Button water guava

How to cultivate guava water

a. Cultivation location

Guava water grows well at an altitude of between 5-500 meters above sea level. If the tree is planted in a higher region the result is less than optimal. Or at least it needs more specialized care so that its productivity is satisfactory.

This plant wants direct solar lighting with an intensity of 40-80 percent in a day. The optimum temperature for its development ranges from 10-28 °C with a humidity level of 50-80%.

b. Nursery

The propagation of guava water plants can be done in 2 ways, namely generative and vegetative ways. The generative way is how to propagate plants with seeds. This method takes a long time starting from propagation, planting to fruiting plants.

While the vegetative way is the process of propagation of plants not with seeds. In guava water can be done by grafting, grafting and pressing.

Cultivation of guava water that uses vegetative seedlings is faster in fruiting. This happens because the tree already has an age. Unlike the seeds of guava water that use seeds because the growth of trees must be natural and take a long time to bear fruit.

The pattern of planting guava water with vegetative seedlings is also highly recommended for cultivation using pots or polybags. Because vegetative seedlings will have a shorter size but can already bear fruit.

One of the popular vegetative propagations is by grafting. Here are some tips:

  • Choose a parent that is about 10-15 years old.
  • Pilh brood that has good growing quality or fertility, good guava, and dense.
  • The branches to be grafted should have a good physique and not be deformed.
  • Graft on the branches and leave until the roots are sufficiently panang.
  • If the roots are long, cut the bottom of the graft and the guava seedlings are ready for planting.

Planting seedlings

After getting the desired seedlings, then carry out planting. Planting guava seeds should be arranged at a distance of about 8 x 8 meters so that the leaves can be relieved and not overlap each other.

Then make a hole with a size of 60 x 60 x 60 cm, leave the hole open for 2 3 days can also be given manure as the basic fertilizer.

After that the plant seedlings are ready to be put into it. Cover with soil that has been mixed with compost and then flush. The planting process should be done in the morning or evening, so that after planting the tree is not directly exposed to scorching rays. Trees need adaptation so as not to stress with the new nature.

When planting in the dry season, do watering every morning and evening. Meanwhile, if planting in the rainy season pay attention so that the tree is not inundated with water for a long time.

Fertilizing plants

Fertilization is a thing that must be done in the cultivation of guava water so that plants can thrive and produce dense fruit. Fertilizing guava water starts from the first planting, which is mixing compost when planting seedlings as described above.

After the initial fertilization, then the guava water tree simply gets fertilizer once every 3 months or at least 2 times a year. Irrigation needs to be considered so as not to be inundated during the rainy season and not drought when the dry season arrives. How to fertilize guava water is to put fertilizer at a distance of about 1 meter from the tree. Make a hole and put fertilizer in the hole.

Weed and weed problems are also important to monitor so that trees are not disturbed by their growth due to weeds. Also note the problem of pests and diseases that may attack. If the tree is affected by pests or diseases then do the handling as soon as possible.

Branch pruning

To get dense and maximum fruit, it is necessary to cut on the branches or branches of guava water. This cutting is done so that a new header can be formed so that it gets the perfect canopy.

The canopy and branches that have the potential to bear fruit become more so that when it is time to bear fruit, the tree will have many branches that bear fruit.

In addition, cutting is also done to reduce guava trees that are too lush. In trees that are too lush many branches that later do not bear fruit and are rarely exposed to sunlight, it is better to cut it so that the branches with good fruiting capacity can grow optimally.

Harvesting

When guava water has begun to bloom, one of the pests that attack a lot is fruit flies. This fruit fly will usually attack flowers that are about 15 days old and will make the flowers fall or water guava fruit becomes rotten.

To overcome the attack of guava flowers from fruit fly pests, then flowers need to be done wrapping. If it turns out that the flower has been attacked by fly pests, then handling is what needs to be done. Treatment can be done by giving fungicides and insecticides with sufficient doses.

Guava water will usually bear fruit 2 times a year, namely in the range of June-August and November-December. Harvesting can be done if the fruit is ripe. The ripeness of guava water is usually characterized by a large size (according to the variety), changing from green to pinkish (depending on the variety).

Harvesting prose is done several times by picking select. This is done because guava water is not cooked together so that the preparation is only done in boiled water guava. To keep guava water can stay fresh for a little longer then do storage in the refrigerator.

In the cultivation of guava water using graft seedlings, guava water can bear fruit after 8-12 months after planting. Although the fruit is not too much because the twigs are also still a little bit. Guava water will begin to bear a lot of fruit when it has stepped on the 3rd or 4th year.

At a glance about plant disease pests

Guava water plants and all other plants are certainly the goods of pests and diseases that usually attack. Here we will bring some pests that usually like to attack (not only guava, plants and also bsa affected by pests / diseases) on guava plants:

a. Elephant butterfly caterpillar

It has a size of about 1.2 cm long with a green color. Elephant butterfly caterpillars will attack guava by laying eggs on their leaves. This if left unchecked will make the leaves become hollow because they are eaten by the caterpillar and its child. If the attack of this caterpillar is left alone, then usually the leaves will shrivel, then turn yellow, and eventually die.

A good way to cope with the attack of the elephant butterfly caterpillar is to collect all the eggs in the leaves and the caterpillars are then destroyed. However, this method is not effective to do in large water guava cultivation land, if on large land can use pesticides for control.

b. Green shield tick

This tick has a very small size so it is difficult to see. But it can be known by the pattern of attacks that it carries out. If the green shield tick is in action then it will stick to the back of the leaf. On the leaves affected by green shield ticks, the leaves will have black patches such as soot.

To deal with the attack of green shield ticks can use their predatory animals. Predatory animals of hjau shield ticks are ladybirds. But when the rainy season comes, this pest will disappear by itself.

c. Bat or codot

Animals tonight like to eat a variety of fruits, including guava water. Bats will attack guava water when it has fruit. To overcome the attack of bats or codot can be by closing trees or fruits using a cover to protect the fruit guava water.

d. Benalu plant

Benalu is a plant that grows by sticking to other plants. Guava trees that are grown by benalu will make food starch juice sucked by benalu plants. This makes the guava tree unable to grow optimally.

To overcome benalu on the guava water tree then clean the tree from the benalu and as much as possible do not hurt the guava tree water.

e. Fruit flies

As discussed in the discussion above, fruit flies can attack flowers that almost become fruit. Fruit flies will attack by laying eggs on the flesh of guava fruit.

Then after the fruit fly lava hatches, this lava will eat the guava fruit from the inside so that the fruit is damaged, rotting and a lot of dilapidation. To overcome it can use the insecticide diazinon.

f. Rod borer

The stem borer will attack the stem of the guava water instead of on the leaf. Signs of trees already exposed to stem borer pests are the bark of the tree becomes peeled off and from it removes sap.

To counter the attack of the stem borer, it can use insecticides.

Such is the complete review of How to Cultivate Complete Guava water and its great benefits. Guava water has many benefits by planting which can be said to be quite easy.

Post a Comment for "General Guide To The Cultivation Of Guava Water"